1760: The French surrender the city of Montreal to the British.
1906: Robert Turner invents the automatic typewriter return carriage.
1921: Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C., is named the first Miss America.
1925: Germany is admitted into the League of Nations.
1935: Senator Huey Long of Louisiana is shot to death in the state capitol, allegedly by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss, Jr.
1944: Germany’s V-2 offensive against England begins.
1945: Korea is partitioned by the Soviet Union and the United States.
1951: Japanese representatives sign a peace treaty in San Francisco.
1955: The United States, Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Thailand sign the mutual defense treaty that established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
1960: President Dwight Eisenhower dedicates NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.
1971: The Kennedy Center opens in Washington, DC with a performance of Leonard Bernstein’s Mass.
1974: President Gerald Ford pardons former President Richard M. Nixon for any crimes arising from the Watergate scandal he may have committed while in office.
1988: Wildfires in Yellowstone National Park in the US, the world’s first national park, force evacuation of the historic Old Faithful Inn; visitors and employees evacuate but the inn is saved.
1991: Macedonian Independence Day; voters overwhelmingly approve referendum to form the Republic of Macedonia, independent of Yugoslavia.
1994: USAir Flight 427 crashes on approach to Pittsburgh International Airport, killing all 132 people aboard; subsequent investigation leads to changes in manufacturing practices and pilot training.